Saturday, December 29, 2012


OK, let's assume you believe the media hype. You probably think that this will happen to our economic ship(s) if we reach the dreaded fiscal cliff ...

Like Christopher Columbus there's no doubt that we will be sailing into uncharted waters. But we will also learn that certain myths and superstitions (about our economy) are best left as myths and superstitions. Here's why.

Like the sailors and engineers who knew a thing or two about the stars and science, we also know what must be done to sail through what many see as uncharted budget territory. Why? Because we went through "the-sky-is-falling" scenario before. It happened when amateur hour prevailed over at Standard & Poor's last year, which I wrote about then.

If you recall, S&P went crazy and downgraded our credit rating. But the world yawned. The financial world, if they see the dynamics behind the fiscal cliff correctly, will do the same thing this time. Specifically, they will see that taking a bad deal, that kicks the issue down the road, is no way to address the budget issues that confront the nation.

What this means (I hope) is that analysts will also begin to embrace the knowledge that there's a difference between the political stupidity and unnecessary brinkmanship (systemic risk) in our political world and what is legitimate financial risk (a debtor that can't pay) in the real world.

Seriously, if we can put ideology aside the U.S. can pay its debts, as I've pointed out many times, in many different ways. I'm not going to hold my breath, but if we're really lucky a Political Reformation and Economic Enlightenment, of sorts, will follow (recall, the Reformation and Enlightenment followed Columbus' voyage).

This means we'll also begin the process of ignoring the false science and political charlatans that make up the lunatic political fringe of our day.

And if we're really really lucky, we might start making the obstructionists pay politically for forcing us into record debt and the crisis political cycles that we've seen since the 1980s, but accelerated after President Obama took office.

I know, I know. But keep in mind that Christopher Columbus and the world got much more than they bargained for after we left feudal Europe for uncharted waters in 1492.

- Mark


The Swiss based bank UBS is at it again ...

A few years back I wrote about UBS helping their U.S. clients avoid taxes by hiding their money in offshore accounts. Simply put, UBS helped their U.S. clients avoid the tax paying responsibility that comes with having access to the wealth making opportunities they find in America.

Rather than go to court with the U.S. government over hiding money in offshore accounts UBS settled and agreed to pay $780 million in fines.

I bring this up because just before Christmas UBS became the first global bank in more than two decades to have a subsidiary that will plead guilty to interest rate rigging. Specifically, they will be tagged with one count of wire fraud and pay a total of $1.5 billion in fines to U.S., U.K., and Swiss regulatory agencies. Charges are also scheduled to be filed against at least two former UBS traders.

This is really good news, especially since it was my belief five months ago that we probably weren't going to see any of the big financial players get into any serious trouble for fixing LIBOR rates (which affects mortgage and credit card rates). While UBS gets to keep their charter the fact that we're seeing an entire subsidiary of a major global bank take a hit like this is good news.

But let's not get too excited.

We want to keep in mind that UBS was a recipient of more than $70 billion in taxpayer backed low interest rate loans from the Federal Reserve between October 2008 and August 2009. These loans were all part of the Fed's larger $1 trillion-plus loan binge that I wrote about in 2008 (and again last year).

These loans were in addition to the many other financial aid programs made available to help keep UBS and other "too big to fail" banks afloat after 2008.

While getting a guilty plea and a $1.5 billion fine for interest rate rigging is good news we should all keep in mind that a $1.5 billion fine is the functional equivalent of a 2 percent fee on the $70 billion-plus loan noted above.

To put this in perspective, I paid far more than 2 percent (about 6 percent) in mandatory "fees" to get my student loans while in graduate school. I then paid much higher interest rates than the low, chump change, interest rates that UBS and other banks were charged for their Federal Reserve loans after 2008 (and, no, I didn't rig any of our financial markets to get my loans).

So, yeah, in many ways it's back to business as usual for the banks.

- Mark

UPDATE: In the FYI Department, Reuters has learned that U.S. fiancial firms Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac may have lost at least $3 billion because of the manipulation of interest rates.

Thursday, December 27, 2012


This LA Times piece is one of the best op-ed articles I've read in a while. It explains the role the state has in helping markets prosper by funding and testing projects that don't always work out, but are crucial for opening investigation pathways for future thinkers.

In "Venture capital didn't build that" William H. Janeway - a private equity managing director, and author of "Doing Capitalism in the Innovation Economy: Markets, Speculation and the State" - argues that much of the economic dynamism we saw after World War II was due to government investments that market players can't, and won't, make happen. Here's a snippet:

Why has it been in the world of information technology and, secondarily, biomedicine that venture capitalists have been successful? In brief: Only in these sectors did the state invest at sufficient scale in scientific research and in its translation to working technology. In over 40 years as a working venture capitalist, I learned that my colleagues and I and the entrepreneurs whom we backed were all dancing on a platform constructed by the federal government.

I especially like what Janeway has to say because it touches on the primary point(s) I make here.

- Mark  

Wednesday, December 19, 2012

Monday, December 17, 2012


Posted below is a piece I wrote for the Bakersfield Californian, "The 'Social Security is going bankrupt' Lie."  It appeared yesterday. I've added pictures and graphs. Updates and links to rebuttals will follow. I'll be especially sure to link and respond to those that display a total lack of familiarity, or ignorance, with the topic. Enjoy ...

The 'Social Security is going bankrupt' lie

Here we go again. The Republicans are using debt and tax negotiations as cover to push a dystopian market dream that includes erasing Social Security as we know it from our economic lives. To do so, the GOP is trying to convince America that Social Security contributes to our national debt and is, in the words of Paul Ryan, "going bankrupt."
Both are flat-out lies. Here's why.
Let's remember that Social Security is a self-funding program. It has contributed absolutely nothing to our debt load. In fact, over the years we've contributed so much to our nation's Social Security account a $2.7 trillion surplus now exists.
Congress has raided these surpluses every year. In return we get government security notes. According to the GOP, because these securities are "just IOUs" -- and we're running budget deficits -- we don't have to pay our nation's retirees back. 
Put another way, congressional Republicans are saying America no longer has a legal or moral responsibility to honor its financial obligations.
Anyone who's read the U.S. Constitution (specifically, Article VI) knows we have a constitutional duty to pay our bills. We've done it since the American Revolution. We did it during the Civil War, the Great Depression, and even through the world wars. Still, the GOP argues that since we don't have $2.7 trillion on hand we don't have to honor our Social Security deal, and should cut back on promised benefits.

Hey, I have an idea. Since we don't have $16.3 trillion on hand to pay our national debt, let's not pay our creditors either. Take that China -- and Saudi Arabia -- and Japan -- and everyone else who's lent us money. Or let's cut a deal and pay our creditors 75 cents on the dollar.
As silly as this sounds, it's essentially the argument congressional Republicans are making when it comes to the $2.7 trillion we borrowed from Social Security. And the silliness continues.
After the 2008 market collapse, Congress did virtually nothing as the Federal Reserve and the Treasury Department forked over more than $4 trillion to Wall Street and America's financial sector. But that's not all.

Via an alphabet soup of new loan, credit and guarantee programs (TALF, TSLF, PPIP, Legacy Assets, etc.), the American taxpayer is on the hook for an additional $13 trillion. That's right. More than $17 trillion has been made available to bailout, backstop and pay off the bad bets of the crony capitalists on Wall Street. 
Yet, congressional Republicans say we can't find $2.7 trillion to pay back the seniors who helped fund and build the American Century.
The irony here is that the GOP not only believes it's OK if we don't honor our financial obligations, but many argue we need to "privatize" Social Security if we want to fix it. Huh? 
In real simple terms, "privatization" is GOP-speak for sending the trillions of dollars now running through Social Security accounts to Wall Street (which makes privatization a backdoor bailout in perpetuity, on so many levels).

What gets lost in all the "cut back" and "privatization" double talk is one simple fact. There's no problem with Social Security if we simply honor the Constitution, and respect the contract we made with our nation's seniors.
Still, let's say the GOP gets its way. We become a banana republic, and pick and choose which debts we honor. At worst, our seniors get 75 cents on the dollar after 2033. 

However, as I argued more than six years ago, Social Security isn't in trouble if we:
* Rescind the Bush tax cuts. Rescinding all Bush-era tax cuts brings in around $4 trillion over the next 10 years. It's almost $1 trillion if we target just the top 2 percent. Projected Social Security shortfalls disappear under these scenarios.
* Remove the payroll tax cap. No one pays a dime into Social Security after they earn $110,100. Removing the cap keeps Social Security solvent into the 22nd century.
Rather than discuss these issues, congressional Republicans prefer to scare America about Social Security's future "insolvency" so they can cut back on senior benefits today. Not so coincidentally, they also get to argue that government programs, like Social Security, don't work, while maintaining tax cuts for the rich.
An added bonus for the GOP and its financial backers is how this story line lays the groundwork to sell America on a Wall Street Social Security privatization scheme -- a bailout in perpetuity.

Social Security isn't headed for bankruptcy. What's bankrupt is the moral code of congressional Republicans. It's why they're putting ideology and the interests of Wall Street above the Constitution, and our promise to America's seniors.
Mark A. Martinez, Ph.D., is the author of "The Myth of the Free Market" and a professor of political science at Cal State Bakersfield.


- Mark

Friday, December 14, 2012


Michigan's "right to work" vote during a lame duck session is exposed by Rep. Brandon Dillon for what it is ... a national embarassment.

- Mark 

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Monday, December 10, 2012


Former Chief Justice Earl Warren (1891-1974) once said: "Everything I did in my life that was worthwhile I caught hell for." It surely fits with this ...

- Mark 

Thursday, December 6, 2012


Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY) introduces, then stalls, objects to, and rejects his own bill (to raise the debt ceiling) with yet another filibuster.


- Mark 


There are manymany reasons why health care costs in America are so much higher than anywhere else in the world. In addition to regulatory subsidies, price fixing, and artificially high administrative costs (which Obamacare will help address) the price of brand name prescription drugs continues to contribute to higher health care costs in America ...

Graph Source: Barry Ritholtz.

- Mark 

Wednesday, December 5, 2012


You know this clip is good because one of Bakersfield's right wing radio personalities mocked it on their FB page, only to have their Tea Bagging and right wing followers go after it too. It explains in just over 7 minutes what's happened to the fiscal health of our country since the trickle down ideologues took over, and how the financialization of our economy came about.

It's a bit over generalized, but it gets the point across. Enjoy ...

At the end of the day I'm not sure if the Tea Baggers and right wing crazies don't like this clip because they don't understand it, or because they live in such a closed universe. It's probably a little of both. Connecting concepts with facts is difficult when Fox-Rushbo-Glenn-Levin etc. are the ones yanking your intellectual chains.

Either way, it's interesting to see right wing comments on stuff like this. What's really amusing is that many of them get so bent out of shape defending a sputtering paper economy created by Americas elite, but are completely clueless to the fact that America's financial aristocracy - people like the Romneys and the Kochs - look at them as a bunch of chumps.

Correction, that's "useful" chumps.

- Mark

Tuesday, December 4, 2012


Over the past four years I've been pointing to a House committee hearing where Alan Grayson (D-FL) grilled Federal Reserve Chair Ben Bernanke on what happened to half a trillion dollars that the Federal Reserve sent to Europe. Chairman Bernanke's answer was classic. He claimed that he didn't know where half a trillion dollars went after he sent it to the European Central Bank. Nice.

Now you and I know that Europe didn't get access to hundreds of billions of dollars simply because they were stellar creditors in need of temporary operating funds. They got the money to help clean up the mess Wall Street created in Europe's financial centers. Plain and simple.

A classic example of how the Fed's taxpayer backed money made its way through Europe is the bailout case of Dexia bank. Here's the short and sweet of it.

Dexia was originally created in France in 1996 to help fund infrastructure and other municipal project needs (municipal bonds) throughout Europe. Over time Dexia expanded into North America and began purchasing and insuring mortgage-related bonds in the U.S. These markets, as we know, collapsed after 2008, which put a big financial bulls eye on firms like Dexia because they could not find the funds to back their commitments.

This is where the Fed's half a trillion dollars (plus) comes into play.

In a few words, because the banks and other private market players would not lend to Dexia the Federal Reserve began operating as the lender of last resort. The Fed initiated the policy of stuffing Europe's Central Bank with dollars through creative swap and credit programs that surpassed a trillions dollars long ago. Through ECB lending and bailout programs the Fed's money eventually found its way to troubled financial institutions throughout Europe, making it part of the larger bailout effort in the U.S.

The Fed's European bailout program was nothing new to the Federal Reserve.

The Federal Reserve had already created new operating desks to funnel money to troubled financial institutions in the United States, as I pointed out 6 months before the September 2008 market collapse. Creating new "teller windows" for troubled financial institutions picked up steam big time with the creation of the Maiden Lane bailout desks (for Bear Stearns and AIG toxic crap) after the market collapsed in September 2008.

So it really should come as no surprise that the Federal Reserve would continue picking up Wall Street's mess as it spilled over to Europe by making a trillion here, and hundreds of billions there (for short-term funding), available to European financial institutions.

Here's a list of recipients in Europe who had access to $350 billion in low interest short-term Federal Reserve loans ...

So who ultimately got the money that the Fed swapped and lent out? The people who created the financial mess on Wall Street got it, that's who.

- Mark 

Monday, December 3, 2012


Guess what? NBC World News has a short and very readable story that shows how Antarctica and Greenland ice is definitely melting into the sea. Worse, in spite of what the delusional flat earthers at Fox News believe, the sea melts have added over half an inch to our ocean levels, and the process is speeding up.

What should be done? Among the many things that need to be done, at the top of the list that we need to stop treating the environment as an open sewer. This means we need a government that's willing to say to no to certain industries while taking another look at how we live our lives.

Bill Moyers has an interesting discussion on all of this with Naomi Klein on his November 16 program, "Hurricanes, Capitalism & Democracy."

- Mark

Hat tip to Gary for the links.